Caffeine in Tea vs Caffeine in Coffee: Do you know the difference?
When it comes to having one caffeinated beverage to kickstart your mornings, people often get confused between tea and coffee? Some people love coffee and cannot do without it, while others swear by tea. People usually say that coffee has a stronger effect than tea, and it gives you the much-needed rush in the morning. Whereas, when it comes to tea, it just soothes you and rejuvenates you. Over the years, reports have suggested that people should reduce their intake of caffeine, since that can cause restlessness, anxiety, and difficulty in sleeping. Consuming too much caffeine can also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
But how do we determine how much is too much? Well, for that we need to understand the caffeine levels in tea and coffee. The amount of caffeine in tea or coffee can vary significantly depending on the origin, type, and preparation of the drink.
If you are someone who is planning to limit your daily caffeine intake, then read below to find out major differences between caffeine levels of tea and coffee.
Types of tea:
Black, green and white tea are the most common type of teas. What makes them different is the time of harvest and the level of oxidation of the leaves. Black tea leaves are oxidised, while white and green tea leaves are not. And because of this, the caffeine content in black tea increases. A regular cup of black tea contains 47 mg of caffeine but can contain as much as 90 mg. For comparison, green teas contain 20–45 mg, while white teas deliver 6–60 mg per cup.
The preparation method greatly impacts the caffeine content of tea. Tea leaves that stay longer in hot water tend to produce a more powerful cup. The longer you keep the leaves in the water, the stronger and more caffeinated it gets.
Types of coffee:
A regular cup of coffee contains 95mg of caffeine. People believe that coffee made from dark roasted beans has more caffeine than coffee from light-roasted beans. But sorry to break the bubble, the caffeine content isn't affected much by roasting. Since dark roast coffees are less compressed than light roast ones, you can use greater quantities of beans when brewing this type, producing more caffeine per cup. When it comes to type, Espresso is a stronger source of caffeine. Among decaffeinated beverages, decaf espresso tends to have the most caffeine with 3–16 mg per serving.
Hotter water draws more caffeine out of tea leaves, and the same holds for coffee. Coffee is typically brewed hotter than tea.
Which one should you drink?
Caffeine acts quickly — usually within 20 minutes to 1 hour of consumption. If you are looking for high-caffeine drinks, you should consume espresso, cold-brew coffee, green and black tea. If you’re sensitive to the effects of caffeine, consider sticking to teas lower in caffeine like white or herbal teas.