Caffeine in Tea vs Coffee: What is the difference between THESE two brews?
Caffeine is a widely consumed beverage in the world. Generally, it is safe to drink but an excessive amount of caffeine is not advisable as it can cause different health issues. Two popular caffeine drinks are tea and coffee, but the content of caffeine varies based on its origin and type. While caffeine consumption has certain health benefits, but excessive consumption can raise different health concerns. Moderate consumption of caffeine can elevate mood, increase alertness and focus and improve athletic performance. On the other hand, excessive caffeine consumption can cause anxiety, restlessness, sleeping problems, etc. So, here’s what you should know about the caffeine content of tea and coffee.
Percentage of caffeine in tea and coffee
Tea leaves have 3.5 percent caffeine and coffee beans have 1.1-2.2 percent caffeine. But coffee brewing process needs hotter water which extracts more of the caffeine from the beans. That’s why your intake of caffeine becomes higher in coffee than tea.
Tea varieties and preparation
Black, green and white tea leaves are obtained from the same plant Camellia sinensis, but they are different in terms of the harvest and the level of oxidation. Black tea leaves are oxidised which give them a sharp and bold flavour. But wite and green tea leaves are not oxidised. Apparently, black tea contains 47 mg caffeine, whereas green tea has 20-45 mg and white tea has 6-60 mg caffeine per cup. On the other hand, matcha green tea is a highly caffeinated drink. Tea preparation manly impacts the caffeine of the drink. The longer the leaves are infused in hotter water, the more it tends to be high in caffeine content.
On average, 8-ounce cup of coffee contains around 95 mg of caffeine. Generally, coffee from dark-roasted beans is considered to have more caffeine than coffee from light-roasted beans. But caffeine is not affected by roasting, so this fact is not true. On the other hand, espresso has more caffeine content. Hotter water extracts more caffeine from the coffee beans.