Arthritis: Symptoms, causes and risk factors of this joint ailment

Updated on Feb 01, 2021 03:05 AM IST  |  815.4K
Arthritis Causes and Symptoms
Arthritis: Symptoms, causes and risk factors of this joint ailment

Arthritis is the swelling of one or more of your joints. Severe joint pain is associated with this condition that becomes worse as we age. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two most common types of this condition. The first one causes cartilage to break down and the second one is a disease where the immune system attacks the joints. Treatments of arthritis depend on its type and the main goal of the treatments is to reduce the symptoms.

Symptoms and causes of arthritis

Symptoms of arthritis:






Causes of arthritis

Osteoarthritis is caused by the damage in the joint’s cartilage and it affects the entire joints. It also causes changes in the bones and damages tissues. This disease also causes inflammation in the joint lining.

Rheumatoid arthritis is caused when the immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule. This lining then becomes swollen and inflamed.

Risk factors of arthritis

A person who is already having a family history of this condition.

Older adults are more prone to having this disease.

Women are at a greater risk of having rheumatoid arthritis and men are prone to have gout, another type of arthritis.

Any previous injury in the joint may cause this issue.

Obesity is also responsible for this condition as your joints have to take a lot of stress of your body weight.


Some early signs of arthritis:

These subtle signs can tell you if you are about to get diagnosed with this condition:


Morning stiffness.

Joint pain and stiffness.

Minor joint swelling.


Numbness and tingling.

Eye discharge.

Dry mouth.

Difficulty in sleeping.

Loss of appetite.

Weight loss.


Arthritis may make it tough for you to do your daily tasks. So, whenever you see these symptoms persistently, consult your doctor right away.


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