Does PCOS lead to infertility? Here's what Dr Anagha Karkhanis has to say

There is a lot of debate about whether PCOS leads to infertility or no. In an exclusive interview with Pinkvilla, Dr. Anagha Karkhanis, Senior Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist and Director of Cocoon Fertility spoke about the same.
Does PCOS lead to infertility? Here's what Dr Anagha Karkhanis has to sayDoes PCOS lead to infertility? Here's what Dr Anagha Karkhanis has to say
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health condition that is quite common among women and it affects the hormone levels. People who have higher than normal amounts of male hormones suffer from the same. This hormone imbalance causes periods to skip. If you are asking what are the causes, then let me tell you that the exact causes are known yet, however, genetics, insulin resistance and inflammation are linked to excess development of androgen which leads to PCOS. Some of the common symptoms of PCOS are irregular periods, heavy bleeding, excessive hair growth, acne, weight gain, hair thinning, dark patches on the skin and headaches among others.

There is a lot of debate about whether PCOS leads to infertility or no. If you too want to know regarding the same, then read on.

In an exclusive interview with Pinkvilla, Dr. Anagha Karkhanis, Senior Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist and Director of Cocoon Fertility spoke about the same. She said, "Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a very common hormonal imbalance that has a major ability to affect fertility, making it a little challenging to conceive and have a baby. It is an amalgamation of having polycystic ovaries coupled with symptoms of a hormonal discrepancy such as uneven menstrual cycle or side-effects of raised male hormone levels such as acne, extreme weight gain and abnormal hair growth to name a few."

"In women diagnosed with PCOS, there is an imbalance in sex hormones. This disparity may avert the growth and release of mature eggs and without the presence of a developed egg, neither ovulation nor pregnancy can happen." 

ALSO READ: Weight Loss: Tips for losing weight with PCOS

There is a good news.

However, this is good news for the patients suffering from PCOS. She stated, "But women with PCOS must note that the existence of polycystic ovaries is not always bad news. Although many younger women can experience various side-effects from the syndrome caused by the imbalance of hormones connected with polycystic ovaries, once they age, the follicle number tends to drop down and the hormone imbalance corrects itself. The result is that females suffering from PCOS in their early teens and twenties can at times end up having more amount of eggs in their thirties without the syndrome and hence stand a better chance of getting pregnant."

PCOS leads to many other health issues

Aside from infertility, the disorder can lead to metabolic syndrome and the same can lead to an increase in the risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. It can also increase the chances of sleep apnea, Endometrial cancer and depression among others.

When to visit a doctor?

So, if you are missing your periods (when not pregnant), witness growth of hair on face and body and unexplained weight gain, then you should consult your doctor.

Natural treatment

Diet changes (low-GI food items, fiber-rich food items, the inclusion of healthy fats, cut down on carbs, more of lean protein, and inclusion of probiotics), maintaining a healthy weight, physical activity and good sleep hygiene, stress management and acupuncture are some of the natural ways to treat the disorder.

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