World Ozone Day 2022: Know the effects of Ozone layer depletion on health and well-being

Read on to know how the depletion of the Ozone layer can affect health and well-being.

Updated on Sep 16, 2022 01:57 PM IST  |  165.7K
Read on to find out
World Ozone Day is celebrated on the 16th of every September

World Ozone Day is celebrated on the 16th of every September with the intent to remind people to decrease the usage of dangerous constituents that contributes to the depletion of the Ozone Layer. The ozone layer or ozone shield assists in soaking injurious UV rays and is a region of Earth's stratosphere. The stratosphere embraces Ozone in elevated proportions as compared to other layers. There are varied things that contribute to the decline of this fragile shield of gas, ozone which eventually takes the citizens close to harmful UV and UVB type radiations, consequently, can take a toll on health and well-being giving rise to multiple health concerns including skin cancer and eye problems. Read on to know how the depletion of the Ozone layer can affect health and well-being.

Effects on Eyes

One of the major causes of blindness is cataracts. The decrease in the Ozone layer by just 1% can enhance the risk of cataracts by 0.6% as the oxidative agents can damage the eye lens. UV radiation yields the oxidative oxygen that can brutally destruct the eye lens, and cornea while making your eye fragile. Depletion of UV rays can enhance the risk of Photokeratitis, cataracts and blindness.

Effects on Eyes

Effects on Skin

Skin is the largest organ of our body and is one of the most contacted parts to UV radiation that can give rise to numerous skin woes including skin burns and skin cancer. Biomolecules get altered due to harmful UV rays and thus can increase the risk of both Melanoma and Non-melanoma cancers.

Effects on Skin

Effects on the immune system

The depletion of Ozone drags us to the high exposure of UV radiation that can further suppress the response of the immune system while furthering infectious diseases and other antigens. Due to the alteration in skin photoreceptors and antigens bestowing cells that are fetched by UV radiations, immunosuppression ensues and it can even increase as the depletion of ozone proliferates.

Effects on immune system

DNA impairment and increased risk of lung problems

Harmful UV radiations can disturb bodily biomolecules like lipids, proteins and Nucleic acid and can further cause DNA damage. Moreover, higher exposure to UVB radiations contributes to varied cell cancers. 1% Ozone depletion can enhance the risk of cancer by 2%. Lung health is also compromised due to Ozone depletion and severe lung problems like Bronchitis, obstruction of the lungs, Emphysema and asthma can be caused due to exposure of UVB rays.

Now that you know the health concerns of the diminution of the Ozone layer, make sure you initiate some steps to safeguard it.

Also Read: From Taurus to Scorpio: 4 Zodiac signs who are likely to be ghosted in a relationship

Credits: Pexels, Pixabay, Scientific Research

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