All you need to know about Acute Stress Disorder: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The fears and pressures of past incidents and experiences often stress some people. Read more about this kind of stress and how to deal with it.
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WHAT IS ACUTE STRESS DISORDER?

It is the most common type of stress faced by a lot of people. Acute stress arises when a person witnesses a traumatic event and that event has a strong emotional response within the individual. It is a short-term stress but can cause psychological effects. Acute stress can last from 3 to a period of 30 days. For instance, individuals who have been through traumatic events like rape, abuse, murder, death of a closed one etc. These events leave the individual in trauma. It is also the least damaging stress as it comes and goes away. It can also occur due to small situations like a test, interview or a phone call.

WHAT CAUSES ACUTE STRESS DISORDER?

  • Death of a loved one
  • Sexual abuse or rape
  • Serious injury
  • Natural disaster
  • Accidents
  • Domestic violence

Abuse

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

  • Flashbacks – An individual experiencing acute stress may not be able to forget the memories of the past. Such people get constant flashbacks or dreams.
  • Low mood – A person may experience mood swings, negative thoughts and sadness.
  • Feeling lost – Lack of awareness of the surroundings and inability to recollect parts of the traumatic event.
  • Difficulty concentrating – Individuals may find it difficult to concentrate and focus on life. Sleep problems arise. They become aggressive and irritated.
  • Stomach – Acidity, heartburn, diarrhea and constipation.
  • Heart problems – Rapid heartbeat and elevation in blood pressure.
  • Some people experience migraine, headaches, sweaty palms, shortness of breath and chest pain.
  • Avoidance – A person may tend to avoid people and places that remind him of the traumatic event.

Feeling Lost

HOW TO TREAT ACUTE STRESS DISORDER?

  • Practice relaxation techniques
  • Talk to your family/friend

Meditate

  • Whenever this stress comes to you, try and do what you love. This will divert your mind.
  • Get professional help if you feel uncontrollable.

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