Hepatitis A: Signs, causes and treatment of HAV that you should know

Today we are talking about signs, causes, treatment, prevention and more about hepatitis A. Did you know approximately 1.4 million cases of hepatitis A occur across the globe every year?
Hepatitis A: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment of HAV that you should knowHepatitis A: Signs, causes and treatment of HAV that you should know
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Hepatitis A, as well as B, are common issues that many people across the world face. Today we are talking about signs, causes, treatment, prevention and more about hepatitis A. Did you know approximately 1.4 million cases of hepatitis A occur across the globe every year? For the unversed, in this health condition, inflammation in the liver takes place and the same is caused by a build-up of toxins, alcohol misuse, virus infection.

Hepatitis A results from an infection caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV). This particular form of hepatitis can easily spread through contaminated food or water. The infection usually goes away on its own and generally it is not very serious. In very few cases, the same leads to liver damage or any major health issue.

Hepatitis A Symptoms

  • Fever, fatigue and body aches 
  • Stomach pain
  • light-coloured stool
  • Dark urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Jaundice 

Hepatitis A Causes

Most people get affected by it easily as it is contagious and is food, air and waterborne. If the virus enters your bloodstream then can cause inflammation in the liver. So, if you eat food which has HAV, eating food prepared by people who have the virus, sewage-contaminated fish, sex with a person who has HAV, getting in contact of a faecal matter who has HAV are some of the causes. The chances of getting the virus are more if you travel to nations where hepatitis A is common. Also, people who inject illegal drugs are also at higher risk of getting HAV.

Hepatitis A Diagnosis

Doctor suspects hepatitis if they see above-mentioned symptoms and if they notice high levels of liver enzymes. Also, with the help of blood test doctors will try and check the levels of IgM (immunoglobulin M) antibodies and IgG (immunoglobulin G) antibodies which show in the body when exposed to HAV.

Hepatitis A Treatment

There is no formal way to treat the health issue. Doctors will prescribe medicine to reduce the signs. After a few days of rest, one should see the improvements and to ease signs one should avoid alcohol, drink more water and maintain a healthy diet.

Hepatitis A Prevention

The best way to prevent hepatitis A is getting a vaccine. For the unversed, the vaccine is given twice. And if you are travelling to a nation where the virus transmission is common then you can get the vaccination two weeks before travelling. Also, one should wash hands with soap and water before eating and drinking after using the washroom. Drinking bottled water, avoiding eating food from street vendors are some of the ways to prevent the same.

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