HERE’s what you should know about prenatal vitamins for a healthy pregnancy

Prenatal vitamins are prescribed to pregnant women for overall health and wellbeing. These nutrients provide all-important vitamins and minerals to the would-be mothers.
HERE’s what you should know about prenatal vitamins for a healthy pregnancy
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During pregnancy, a woman should get all the important vitamins and minerals to stay healthy throughout the phase. That’s why prenatal vitamins are prescribed. These supplements are suggested to pregnant women by the doctors for their overall wellbeing. These supplements also fulfil your nutritional gap in the daily diet. 

Things to know about prenatal vitamins:

What to look for in the supplements?

The prenatal vitamins should have:

400 micrograms of folic acid

200 to 300 milligrams of calcium

70 mg of vitamin C

400 IU of vitamin D

3 mg of thiamine

2 mg of riboflavin

10 mg of vitamin E

20 mg of niacin

6 mcg of vitamin B12

15 mg of zinc

17 mg of iron

150 micrograms of iodine

Why are these prenatal vitamins important?

During pregnancy, a woman needs more folic acid and iron than usual. Because:

They prevent neural tube defects. 

They support the development of the placenta and fetus. 

These vitamins promote healthy growth in the baby. 

The vitamins support your body’s nerves, muscles and immune system. 

When should you start taking the supplements?

Generally, women should start taking prenatal vitamins before conception. It's even healthy for women to take these vitamins at their reproductive age regularly. 

Are there any side effects in prenatal vitamins?

Sometimes, these vitamins can cause constipation. However, you can take these prevention measures:

Drink plenty of fluids. 

Have a more fibre-rich diet. 

Exercise daily. 

You can ask your doctor to prescribe a stool softener. 

Along with taking these prenatal vitamins, you can also add specific foods to your regular diet that can provide you with the same nutrients:

Foods that have folic acid- green leafy veggies, nuts, beans, citrus fruits etc. 

Foods that have iron- Lean meat, poultry, seafood, cereal, bread, pasta, green vegetables, nuts, raisins, dried fruits. 

Foods that are rich in calcium- milk, cheese, yoghurt, broccoli, kale, orange juice etc. 

Foods with Vitamin D- Fatty fish like salmon, milk cereal etc. 

Foods with iodine- Fish, milk, cheese, yoghurt, bread, iodized salt. 

Foods with DHA or Docosahexaenoic acid- Salmon, catfish, shrimp, tilapia, orange juice, eggs, milk etc. 

Disclaimer: Only take these after getting a prescription from your doctor.

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