How to tackle Diabetes in children: Symptoms & Treatment

Long time ago, it was rare to hear about diabetes in children. However, the situation is different now. Not only adults but children also suffer from diabetes.
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In 2017, according to the National Institutes of Health, about 208,000 children and teens under the age of 20 were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in the United States. Children that are diagnosed with diabetes at an early age face severe life challenges later. So, to have a clear meaning of diabetes, it is a serious metabolic disorder that prevents the normal breakdown and use of food, especially sugars by the body. The children may either have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

This type also known as juvenile diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Without insulin sugar cannot travel from the blood into the cells. Since it cannot be used by the body, these sugars are excreted in the urine.

Symptoms:

  • Feeling thirsty frequently
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue
  • Yeast infection
  • Behavioral changes
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Difficulty breathing

Type 1 diabetes can begin at any age. Usually the most common sign is frequent urination. There are other symptoms that you may see in your child like thirst and lack of energy.

Treatment:

If you notice any of the above symptoms in your child, it is important to get the necessary physical tests done and consult a doctor. The doctor will do a sample urine test to check for glucose in the urine. You must take care and develop healthy habits. Follow a special diet and keep a close eye on your child for any symptoms.

Diabetes in Children

Type 2 Diabetes

This type of diabetes occurs when the insulin is not working properly. Without enough insulin, glucose can accumulate in the bloodstream. This is called insulin resistance. Eventually, the sugar levels in the body get too high. Type 2 diabetes is usually seen in children who are:

  • Girls
  • Overweight
  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Have a problem called insulin resistance

Symptoms:

  • Weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Itchy skin
  • Numbness or tingling feet or hands
  • Heavy breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Slow healing of sores or cuts

Diabetes in Children

Treatment:

If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, it is necessary to take your child to the doctor. The doctor can tell if he/she is overweight based on her age, weight and height. Blood sugar will be tested to check diabetes. Once, the doctor is sure of diabetes he may give insulin. You need to make certain lifestyle changes too.

Diabetes in children can be prevented by reducing calories, unhealthy fats and sweets. Keep your child physically active. When you notice symptoms in your child, you must consult your doctor at the earliest. 

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