Skin Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Skin disorders are of various types depending upon its symptoms and severity. They can be permanent, temporary, painful or painless.
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Everyone wishes to have a flawless skin without acnes, pimples, warts, rashes etc. Taking care of your skin is very important. Sticking to a proper skin care routine, drinking sufficient water etc are some of the many ways to avoid skin problems. There are different types of skin disorders. Let’s take a look at them.

Temporary Skin Disorders

Acne – This is one of the most common and widespread skin disorders. It affects the skin’s oil glands. These glands make a substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows.

Hives – These are itchy welts that form on the normal layer of skin. Hives are caused by an allergic reaction due to external factors or internal factors such as stress, illness, tight clothes etc.

Skin Disorders

Warts – The common raised bumps on the skin are called warts. Warts are contagious and can form on any part of the body. They often go away on their own. Warts usually grow on hands, feet and joints.

Cold Sore – It is a red fluid filled blister that appears near the mouth. It is painful and delicate.

Candidiasis – The overgrowth of the fungus called Candida albicans on the body is called Candidiasis. It causes irritated patches of skin usually found in the armpits, knee, under folds of skin etc.

WHAT CAUSES SKIN DISORDERS?

  • Bacteria which is trapped inside the skin pores and hair follicles
  • Microorganisms, fungus or parasites living inside the skin
  • A weak immune system
  • Contact with any other person’s infected skin
  • Genetics
  • Hormonal imbalance

These are some of the common causes of skin disorders. The causes may vary depending upon the person’s lifestyle and type of skin.

HOW DO YOU KNOW IT’S A SKIN DISORDER?

The irregularities in the skin can help you know if you’re dealing with a particular type of skin disorder. Here is a list of some common skin disorder symptoms:

  • Raised bumps which are red or white in color
  • Rashes
  • Ulcers
  • Loss of skin pigment
  • Fleshy bumps

Symptoms

  • Open sores
  • Changes in mole color or size
  • Peeling skin
  • Rough or scaly skin
  • Discolored patches
  • Dry and cracked skin

HOW TO DEAL WITH SKIN DISORDERS?

Temporary skin disorders are treatable. Besides medications, it is very important to take care of your skin in natural ways. It is crucial to change your lifestyle and take extra care of your skin. Here are the following ways in which you can take care of your skin.

  • Medicinal creams and ointments
  • Antibiotics

Creams

  • Vitamins
  • Laser therapy
  • Medicated makeup
  • Good skin care products
  • Good hygiene practices
  • Lots of water
  • Certain dietary changes
  • Get sufficient sleep
  • Avoid stress
  • Wash your hands frequently

Wash your hands and face 

Not all skin disorders require treatment. Some go away with time. People with permanent skin disorder require different treatment and go through severe symptoms.

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