Mahatma Gandhi’s 71st Death Anniversary: Why is 30th January also called Martyrs’ Day in India?

Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to our freedom is not hidden and is very much documented in our historical accounts and textbooks. India celebrates Shaheed Diwas every year on January 30. Read to know why.

If I'm to die by the bullet of a mad man, I must do so smiling. God must be in my heart and on my lips. And if anything happens, you are not to shed a single tear - Mahatma Gandhi
 
On January 30, 1948, The Father of The Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated at the Birla House in New Delhi and the whole country was shocked by this news. Gandhi was on his way to a prayer meeting when Nathuram Godse, a prominent member of Hindu Mahasabha, interrupted him. He shot him thrice in the chest at point-blank range with a Beretta M 1934 semi-automatic pistol. India celebrates Shaheed Diwas every year on January 30 to pay homage to the victims who fought for the freedom, glory, welfare and progress of India. 
 
Why is Martyrs’ Day celebrated on January 30?
 
Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to our freedom is not hidden and is very much documented in our historical accounts and textbooks. We have been reading about Mahatma Gandhi and his policies of non-violence. India got independence in 1947 after which Gandhiji promoted brotherhood and peace in the nation. As Mahatma Gandhi passed away on January 30, the Government of India announced that the day will be known as Shaheed Diwas.
 
 
On this day, the President, the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, and the Defence Minister together assemble at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at Raj Ghat memorial and pay their respect to Indian martyrs and Mahatma Gandhi. People observe a two-minute silence in the memory of Indian martyrs.
 
Wondering why 30th January? Mahatma Gandhi played an important role in the freedom struggle through his non-violent policies. He was promoting brotherhood even after the independence. He supported peace armies during both World Wars, was against the independence of Pakistan from India and wanted Indian religious communities (Hindu and Muslim) to coexist peacefully. “Peace will not come out of a clash of arms but out of justice lived and done by unarmed nations in the face of odds,” Mahatma Gandhi had said these lines as he believed only non-violence could get us peaceful freedom. 
 
 
Gandhiji believed that the non-violence state is not an end, but it is a means for the welfare of the people. In the non-violent state, the crimes would be reduced because in such a state there would be no large-scale personal property. Jainism and Buddhism were the most important influences that lay behind the foundation of Gandhi's non-violence theory. Gandhi's system of Satyagraha on the basis of non-violence. 
 
Non-violence played a very important role in defining the course of Indian national movement from the 1920s to the final achievement of the freedom.
 
Gandhiji’s policies will always be respected by our countrymen. This year, the Youth Congress plans to carry out a procession of around 12 trucks. The march aims to highlight issues including Rafale, unemployment and farmers. 
 
 
Not just January 30, it’s also observed on March 23 in our country. 
 
Stay tuned in for more such updates!

Credits: Pinkvilla

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